The numbers are coming in.
Publicly-traded companies report their earnings and sales numbers for the previous quarter in the current quarter. For example, fourth quarter’s sales and earnings are reported during the first quarter of the year, and first quarter’s sales and earnings will be reported during the second quarter, and so on.
Through last week, about one-fourth of the companies in the Standard & Poor (S&P)’s 500 Index had reported actual sales and earnings for the fourth quarter of 2017. As far as sales go, a record number – 81 percent – of companies sold more than expected during the fourth quarter. That was quite an improvement. FactSet reported:
“During the past year (four quarters), 64 percent of the companies in the S&P 500 have reported sales above the mean estimate on average. During the past five years (20 quarters), 56 percent of companies in the S&P 500 have reported sales above the mean estimate on average.”
The mean is the average of a group of numbers.
The money a company makes through sales is called revenue. For instance, if a lemonade stand sells 100 glasses of lemonade for $1 each, then the proprietors have earned $100. That is the stand’s ‘revenue.’ Of course, as every parent who has financed a lemonade stand knows, revenue doesn’t include the cost of the product. ‘Earnings’ are what the company has left after expenses – the bottom line. If every glass of lemonade cost 50 cents, then the stand’s earnings are $50.
Companies in the S&P 500 are doing pretty well on earnings, too. About three out of four companies have reported earnings higher than expected. Overall, earnings are 4.5 percent above estimates.
Through Friday, annual earnings growth for S&P 500 companies was 10.1 percent. It’s still early in the fourth quarter earnings season, but the data so far seem likely to confirm that 2017 was a bright, sun-shiny year for U.S. companies.
|Data as of 1/26/18||1-Week||Y-T-D||1-Year||3-Year||5-Year||10-Year|
|Standard & Poor’s 500 (Domestic Stocks)||2.2%||7.5%||25.1%||11.8%||13.9%||7.8%|
|Dow Jones Global ex-U.S.||1.9||7.0||28.2||7.8||5.5||1.6|
|10-year Treasury Note (Yield Only)||2.7||NA||2.5||1.8||2.0||3.6|
|Gold (per ounce)||1.4||4.4||13.7||1.8||-4.0||3.9|
|Bloomberg Commodity Index||2.6||3.0||2.9||-3.4||-8.4||-7.1|
|DJ Equity All REIT Total Return Index||1.7||-2.8||4.6||2.8||8.2||7.4|
S&P 500, Dow Jones Global ex-US, Gold, Bloomberg Commodity Index returns exclude reinvested dividends (gold does not pay a dividend) and the three-, five-, and 10-year returns are annualized; the DJ Equity All REIT Total Return Index does include reinvested dividends and the three-, five-, and 10-year returns are annualized; and the 10-year Treasury Note is simply the yield at the close of the day on each of the historical time periods.
Sources: Yahoo! Finance, Barron’s, djindexes.com, London Bullion Market Association.
Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indices are unmanaged and cannot be invested into directly. N/A means not applicable.
certain parts of the circular economy probably adapt to cities and towns better than they do to rural areas.
What is the circular economy?
It is “a system that reduces waste through the efficient use of resources. Businesses that are part of the circular economy seek to redesign the current take/make/dispose economy, a model which relies on access to cheap raw materials and mass production. For example, car sharing addresses the inefficiency of privately owned cars – which are typically used for less than one hour a day,” explains Morgan Stanley.
Imagine not owning a car.
Clearly, it’s not something that would work everywhere. However, if you live in a city or town that has public transportation, ride sharing, car rentals, and bicycles, it’s possible. If you’re retired and you can organize your days in the way you like, it may even be sensible because owning a car is expensive. Transportation costs are the second highest budget item for most households, reports U.S. News. Housing costs top the list.
Giving up a car could help households save a lot of money.
According to AAA, owning and operating a new car in 2017 cost about $8,469 annually, on average, or $706 a month. Small sedans are the least costly ($6,354 per year), on average, and pickup trucks are the most expensive ($10,054 per year), on average, of the vehicles in the study. The calculations include sales price, depreciation, maintenance, repair, and fuel costs.
AAA’s estimate does not include insurance. In 2017, the national average premium for a full-coverage policy was $1,318 annually, according to Insure.com. Auto insurance premiums are highest in Michigan ($2,394) and lowest in Maine ($864).
Combining the averages, the cost of auto ownership is almost $10,000 a year. It’s food for thought.
Weekly Focus – Think About It
“Conservation is a state of harmony between men and land.”
–Aldo Leopold, American author and conservationist
Value vs. Growth Investing (1/26/18)
|US Large Cap||2.31||7.80||7.56||12.88||28.85||14.37||16.33|
|US Large Core||1.26||5.83||5.57||9.88||26.62||13.52||16.66|
|US Large Growth||3.18||10.65||10.47||17.14||38.70||16.15||18.41|
|US Large Val||2.45||6.88||6.59||11.50||21.60||13.38||13.92|
|US Mid Cap||1.69||6.09||5.94||11.42||22.58||12.34||15.30|
|US Mid Core||1.18||5.00||4.91||10.26||22.04||11.52||14.98|
|US Mid Growth||2.22||7.73||7.70||12.64||29.60||12.08||14.40|
|US Mid Val||1.66||5.51||5.19||11.32||16.08||13.35||16.50|
|US Small Cap||0.90||4.59||4.20||8.77||17.33||11.21||13.63|
|US Small Core||0.55||4.04||3.78||8.86||15.74||11.18||13.68|
|US Small Growth||1.64||6.07||5.63||9.73||27.01||12.44||14.33|
|US Small Val||0.51||3.69||3.24||7.63||9.49||9.89||12.79|
2004 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The information contained herein: (1) is proprietary to Morningstar; (2) is not warranted to be accurate, complete or timely. Morningstar is not responsible for any damages or losses arising from any use of this information and has not granted its consent to be considered or deemed an “expert” under the Securities Act of 1933. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Indices are unmanaged and while these indices can be invested in directly, this is neither a recommendation nor an offer to purchase. This can only be done by prospectus and should be on the recommendation of a licensed professional.
Tax Season Has Started
The world is full of tax preparers who will complete all the right forms using the information from your W-2’s, 1099’s, etc. What you may not know is that, according to the General Accounting Office, approximately 8 out of 10 returns are filed with errors. Why is that the case? This is because the preparer that you hire generally does not really know your situation. What has your tax preparer done to make sure you get all the tax breaks you deserve? When was the last time they came to you and said “based on your plans in this area and your situation, here’s an idea I think will help you save money on your taxes”?
At Schwartz Financial, we believe proactive tax planning is the key to keeping more of what you make. We are a firm that specializes in helping clients to identify and explore opportunities to cut your tax bill. Proactive tax planning encompasses: looking at your personal and family information along with your income and expenses using “Tax Alpha” to take advantage of every available deduction, credit and tax planning opportunity. We will help you do just that!
Paying taxes once is your obligation, paying taxes twice is your fault! Call us, Schwartz Financial, at 215-886-2122 to set up a time to meet.
Michael L. Schwartz, RFC®, CWS®, CFS
P.S. Please feel free to forward this commentary to family, friends, or colleagues. If you would like us to add them to the list, please reply to this email with their email address and we will ask for their permission to be added.
Michael L. Schwartz, RFC, CWS, CFS, a registered principal offering securities and advisory services through Independent Financial Group, LLC., a registered broker-dealer and investment advisor. Member FINRA-SIPC. Schwartz Financial and Independent Financial Group are unaffiliated entities.
This information is provided for informational purposes only and is not a solicitation or recommendation that any particular investor should purchase or sell any security. The information contained herein is obtained from sources believed to be reliable but its accuracy or completeness is not guaranteed. Any opinions expressed herein are subject to change without notice. An Index is a composite of securities that provides a performance benchmark. Returns are presented for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to project the performance of any specific investment. Indexes are unmanaged, do not incur management fees, costs and expenses and cannot be invested in directly. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results.
* The Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) is an unmanaged group of securities considered to be representative of the stock market in general.
* The DJ Global ex US is an unmanaged group of non-U.S. securities designed to reflect the performance of the global equity securities that have readily available prices.
* The 10-year Treasury Note represents debt owed by the United States Treasury to the public. Since the U.S. Government is seen as a risk-free borrower, investors use the 10-year Treasury Note as a benchmark for the long-term bond market.
* Gold represents the London afternoon gold price fix as reported by the London Bullion Market Association.
* The DJ Commodity Index is designed to be a highly liquid and diversified benchmark for the commodity futures market. The Index is composed of futures contracts on 19 physical commodities and was launched on July 14, 1998.
* The DJ Equity All REIT TR Index measures the total return performance of the equity subcategory of the Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT) industry as calculated by Dow Jones.
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